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Paine College

Paine College is a private Historically Black college located in Augusta, Georgia. Paine College was founded by the leadership of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, now United Methodist Church, and the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church, now Christian Methodist Episcopal Church. Paine was the brainchild of Bishop Lucius Henry Holsey, who first expressed the idea for the College in 1869. Bishop Holsey asked leaders in the ME Church South to help establish a school to train Negro teachers and preachers so that they might in turn appropriately address the educational and spiritual needs of the people newly freed from the evils of slavery. Leaders in the ME Church South agreed, and Paine Institute came into being. On November 1, 1882, the Paine College Board of Trustees, consisting of six members, three from each Church, met for the first time. They agreed to name the school in honor of the late Bishop Robert Paine of the MECS who had helped to organize the CME Church. In December, the Trustees selected Dr. Morgan Callaway as the first President of the College and enlarged the Board from six to 19 members, drawing its new membership from communities outside of Georgia so that the enterprise might not be viewed as exclusively local. Bishop Holsey traveled throughout the Southeast seeking funds for the new school. On December 12, 1882, he presented the Trustees of Paine Institute with $7.15 from the Virginia Conference and $8.85 from the South Georgia Conference. In that same month, Bishop Atticus Haygood, a minister of the ME Church South, gave $2,000 to support President Callaway through the first year. Thus, a $2,000 gift from a white minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church South and $16 raised by a CME minister Ц penny by penny from former slaves - became the financial basis for the founding of Paine College.[1] In 1883, a Charter of Incorporation for The Paine Institute was granted, and the Trustees elected Dr. George Williams Walker as its first teacher. In January 1884, classes began in rented quarters in downtown Augusta. On December 28, 1884, the Reverend George Williams Walker was elected President of Paine Institute following the resignation of Reverend Callaway. In 1886, the College moved to its present site. The year 1888 was a very significant one for Paine College. Reverend Moses U. Payne, an MECS min

ster from Missouri, gave $25,000 to Paine for the endowment. Also in 1888, Trustee W. A. Candler presented a resolution to the Trustees authorizing President Walker to employ Dr. John Wesley Gilbert to become the first Black member of the faculty. Dr. Gilbert was PaineТs first student and first graduate. He furthered his education at Brown University and Athens, Greece. Since that time, the faculty has been interracial and international. President Walker died in 1910 after having headed Paine for twenty-six years. The Paine Institute began with a high school component and gradually developed a college department. In 1901 the first four-year degrees were granted at The Paine Institute. Initially, advanced students received special instruction on an individual basis, but by 1903 sufficient college-level work was provided to justify changing the schoolТs name to The Paine College. Paine continued its high school department until 1945, because there was no public secondary school for Blacks in Augusta until that year.[2] Under the leadership of President Edmund Clarke Peters, 1929Ц1956, Paine College was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools as a Class УBФ institution in 1931 and then as a Class УAФ institution in 1945. President E. Clayton Calhoun served as President from 1956 to 1970. During his leadership, Paine was approved by the University Senate of The Methodist Church in 1959, and the College was admitted to full membership in the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools in 1961. Dr. Lucius H. Pitts was elected President of Paine College in 1971. He was the first alumnus and first Black President of the College. He died in his office in 1974. Dr. Julius S. Scott, Jr. served as President of the College on two separate occasions: 1975 to 1982 and 1988 to 1994. Paine alumnus, Dr. William Harris, served during the period of 1982 to 1988. In 1994, Dr. Shirley A. R. Lewis became Paine CollegeТs first female president. Paine College is a full-fledged liberal arts institution offering courses and major programs in five divisions: Business Administration, Education, Humanities, Natural Sciences and Mathematics and Social Sciences. The College remains a small, predominantly Black, coeducational, church-related school, gratefully related to its founding denominations and open to all.[

All content © 2013, Triad Publications, LLC
Updated in February 2013