Kiel is a city in Calumet and Manitowoc Counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 3,738 at the 2010 census. The city is located mostly within Manitowoc County, though a portion extends west into adjacent Calumet County. It was once known as the "Wooden Shoes" Capital of Wisconsin as it held the only wooden shoes factory in Wisconsin. Geography Kiel is located at 43°54?53?N 88°1?55?W (43.914718, -88.031812), along the Sheboygan River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.67 square miles (6.92 km2), of which, 2.53 square miles (6.55 km2) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) is water. Demographics 2010 census As of the census of 2010, there were 3,738 people, 1,565 households, and 1,021 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,477.5 inhabitants per square mile (570.5 /km2). There were 1,697 housing units at an average density of 670.8 per square mile (259.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.9% White, 0.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population. There were 1,565 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.8% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age in the city was 38.7 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.3% were between the ages o
18 and 24; 27.6% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female. 2000 census As of the census of 2000, there were 3,450 people, 1,425 households, and 940 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,433.9 people per square mile (552.7/km?). There were 1,498 housing units at an average density of 622.6 per square mile (240.0/km?). The racial makeup of the city was 98.58% White, 0.06% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 0.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population. There were 1,425 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $44,239, and the median income for a family was $53,798. Males had a median income of $36,576 versus $27,070 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,112. About 1.7% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.